What are the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)?

Updated: Feb 19, 2021
  • Author: Levi A Deters, MD; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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When the prostate enlarges, it may constrict the flow of urine. Nerves within the prostate and bladder may also play a role in causing the following common symptoms:

  • Urinary frequency
  • Urinary urgency
  • Nocturia- Needing to get up frequently at night to urinate
  • Hesitancy - Difficulty initiating the urinary stream; interrupted, weak stream
  • Incomplete bladder emptying - The feeling of persistent residual urine, regardless of the frequency of urination
  • Straining - The need strain or push (Valsalva maneuver) to initiate and maintain urination in order to more fully empty the bladder
  • Decreased force of stream - The subjective loss of force of the urinary stream over time
  • Dribbling - The loss of small amounts of urine due to a poor urinary stream as well as weak urinary stream

See Presentation for more detail.

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