How is high-flow priapism treated?

Updated: Dec 26, 2019
  • Author: Osama Al-Omar, MD, MBA, FACS, FEBU; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Acutely, observation alone may be sufficient for high-flow priapism, because many cases resolve spontaneously, and even with prolonged priapism these patients are unlikely to experience significant pathological damage or impaired erectile function. Compression therapy may be successful in certain cases, especially children; continuous compression may be maintained with a strap-on dressing. [16]

Selective angiography with subsequent embolization of the offending vessel has been shown to be effective with few long-term complications in some studies. Selective arterial embolization can be done using autologous blood clot, gelatin sponge, microcoils, or chemicals. [25, 26, 7] Patients who do not respond to more conservative measures may benefit from this approach.

Surgical ligation of the fistula may be required. However, potential complications of this procedure include long-term impotence.

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