Which medications in the drug class Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Premature Ejaculation?

Updated: Jan 15, 2019
  • Author: Samuel G Deem, DO; Chief Editor: Edward David Kim, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors

The mechanism of action of SSRIs is linked to their inhibition of neuronal uptake of serotonin (5-HT) in the central nervous system (CNS).

Various animal studies suggest that SSRIs have weak effects on norepinephrine and dopamine neuronal reuptake. They do not antagonize adrenergic (eg, alpha1 -adrenergic, alpha2 -adrenergic, or beta-adrenergic), cholinergic, GABAergic, dopaminergic, histaminergic, serotonergic (5-HT1A, 5-HT1B, or 5-HT2), or benzodiazepine receptors; therefore, they have fewer adverse anticholinergic effects than tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) do.

Adverse effects of long-term SSRI use are a significant concern and should be considered by both the physician and the patient. These adverse effects include psychiatric and neurologic sequelae, dermatologic reactions, anticholinergic effects, fluctuation in body weight, cognitive impairment, drug interactions, and sexual side effects other than delayed ejaculation (eg, erectile dysfunction or loss of libido.

Paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva)

Paroxetine is a potent SSRI used to treat premature ejaculation. Improvement may not be evident until at least 3 weeks after the initiation of treatment. If there is no beneficial effect on premature ejaculation after 6 weeks or if adverse effects become troublesome, it should be discontinued in favor of an alternative treatment.

Sertraline (Zoloft)

Sertraline is a potent SSRI used to treat premature ejaculation. Improvement may not be evident until at least 3 weeks after the initiation of treatment. If there is no beneficial effect on premature ejaculation after 6 weeks or if adverse effects become troublesome, it should be discontinued in favor of an alternative treatment.

Citalopram (Celexa)

Citalopram is a potent SSRI used to treat premature ejaculation. Improvement may not be evident until at least 3 weeks after the initiation of treatment. If there is no beneficial effect on premature ejaculation after 6 weeks or if adverse effects become troublesome, it should be discontinued in favor of an alternative treatment.

Fluoxetine (Prozac)

Fluoxetine is a potent SSRI used to treat premature ejaculation. Improvement may not be evident until at least 3 weeks after the initiation of treatment. If there is no beneficial effect on premature ejaculation after 6 weeks or if adverse effects become troublesome, it should be discontinued in favor of an alternative treatment.


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