Why is ventilator dependence a relative contraindication for lung transplantation?

Updated: Aug 19, 2019
  • Author: Bryan A Whitson, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Mary C Mancini, MD, PhD, MMM  more...
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Ventilator dependence

The limited data suggest that patients who are dependent on a ventilator prior to the transplant have higher mortality rates but may be candidates for lung transplantation. [21, 22] Singer et al found that ventilator dependence was associated with decreased overall survival; risk of death was highest in the first 6 months posttransplant. [23] A prolonged wait while the patient is on a mechanical ventilator may lead to various complications such as infections, cardiovascular deconditioning, and muscle atrophy, all of which further compromise the outcome of the transplant.

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