What is the role of surgery in the treatment of tumors of the mediastinum?

Updated: Feb 16, 2021
  • Author: Mary C Mancini, MD, PhD, MMM; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Answer

Surgical resection is the treatment of choice for most neoplasms that occur in the mediastinum. [39, 40]  In cases of benign neoplasms, complete excision of the lesion itself is generally sufficient. All benign neoplasms that are encapsulated should be resected without violation of the capsule.

Resect intrathoracic thyroid goiters. [41]

When surgical resection of malignant neoplasms of the mediastinum is the primary treatment, perform en-bloc resection of the tumor whenever possible.


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