What are the possible complications associated with an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter?

Updated: Oct 31, 2020
  • Author: Gary P Siskin, MD; Chief Editor: Kyung J Cho, MD, FACR, FSIR  more...
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The following are complications associated with IVC filters:

  • IVC trauma

  • Penetration of the caval wall by the filter legs (may rarely lead to retroperitoneal hematoma or bowel injury)

  • Filter migration (< 1%; may be caused by trapped guidewires)

  • Filter fracture (< 1%)

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