What is the prevalence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC)?

Updated: Dec 13, 2018
  • Author: Deborah A Baumgarten, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Eugene C Lin, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Worldwide, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) represents the sixth most frequently diagnosed cancer in men and the 10th in women, accounting for 5% and 3% of all oncological diagnoses, respectively. [4]  In the United States, there are approximately 65,000 new cases and almost 15,000 deaths from RCC each year. It most often occurs in patients aged 55 years or older (average age, 64 yr). [5]   One fourth to one third of patients present with metastatic disease. In only approximately 2% of cases are bilateral tumors seen at presentation. In recent years tumors are being discovered at an earlier stage, possibly due to increased use of medical imaging in general (see the images below).

Case 1. Large renal cell carcinoma. Three-minute t Case 1. Large renal cell carcinoma. Three-minute tomogram.
Case 1. Large renal cell carcinoma. Delayed intrav Case 1. Large renal cell carcinoma. Delayed intravenous urographic image.
Case 1. Large renal cell carcinoma. Contrast-enhan Case 1. Large renal cell carcinoma. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan.

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