What is the accuracy of PET scans in staging of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)?

Updated: Aug 27, 2019
  • Author: Sat Sharma, MD, FRCPC; Chief Editor: Eugene C Lin, MD  more...
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PET imaging has a higher sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy than CT scanning in staging mediastinal disease. Published studies have demonstrated a sensitivity of 80%, an overall specificity of 92%, and an accuracy of 92%, with a positive predictive value of 90% and a negative predictive value of 93%.

False-negative studies can occur in patients with carcinoid syndrome, bronchoalveolar carcinomas, and bronchogenic carcinoma measuring less than 10 mm. False-positive findings are known to occur in infectious or inflammatory disorders such as tuberculosis, histoplasmosis, and rheumatoid nodules.

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