How is transverse myelitis differentiated from multiple sclerosis?

Updated: Aug 07, 2018
  • Author: Djamil Fertikh, MD; Chief Editor: James G Smirniotopoulos, MD  more...
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This term is usually used for idiopathic inflammatory myelopathy. Cord swelling and enhancement may be present, often involving a longer segment than does MS. MRI of the brain may be helpful for showing additional lesions in cases of MS or ADEM. Transverse myelitis usually responds to steroid therapy; therefore, a treatment trial is often considered before proceeding with biopsy. This process is typically monophasic.

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