Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics are used in the treatment of Viral Arthritis?

Updated: Nov 12, 2019
  • Author: Rabea Ahmed Khouqeer, MD, FRCPC, FAAAAI; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Antibiotic therapy must cover all likely pathogens in the context of this clinical setting. Indications include Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia and HCV infection.

Pentamidine (Pentam-300, NebuPent)

Pentamidine inhibits the growth of protozoa by blocking oxidative phosphorylation and inhibiting incorporation of nucleic acids into RNA and DNA, causing inhibition of protein and phospholipid synthesis.

Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Septra DS, Bactrim, Bactrim DS)

Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMZ) inhibits bacterial growth by inhibiting synthesis of dihydrofolic acid. The antibacterial activity of TMP-SMZ includes common urinary tract pathogens, except for Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

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