Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of viral arthritis?

Updated: Nov 12, 2019
  • Author: Rabea Ahmed Khouqeer, MD, FRCPC, FAAAAI; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Viral infection rates may be higher in adults than in children or the reverse, depending on the virus under consideration. HBV infection rates in childhood may be as high as 5% annually in some parts of the world. In adulthood, HBV is transmitted through sexual activity or needle exposures. Children are more susceptible to infection with parvovirus B19 than adults are, although they rarely experience arthritis. As many as 60% of adults have serologic evidence of past parvovirus B19 infection.

Parvovirus B19 infection is more common in women than in men. Whether HAV or HCV has a predilection for either sex is unknown. Viral arthritis has no recognized racial or ethnic predilection.

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