How do hepatitis viruses cause viral arthritis?

Updated: Nov 12, 2019
  • Author: Rabea Ahmed Khouqeer, MD, FRCPC, FAAAAI; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

HAV infection accounts for 10-14% of cases of viral arthritis. Arthralgia and skin rash occur during the acute phase. Transmission is via the fecal-oral route.

HBV is an enveloped, double-stranded DNA virus. HBV infection causes 20-25% of cases of viral arthritis. Transmission can be parenteral or sexual.

HCV is an enveloped, single-stranded RNA virus. HCV infection occurs worldwide. Transmission can be parenteral or, uncommonly, sexual.


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