What is the global prevalence of gonococcal arthritis?

Updated: Jan 12, 2019
  • Author: Victoria Fernandes Sullivan, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 78 million cases of gonococcal infection occur annually. [6] The incidence of gonococcal infection is lower in Europe than in North America. In Sweden in 1992, for example, it was lower than 5 per 100,000 population, whereas in the United States in 1995, it was 150 per 100,000. [2] Gonococcal infection is common in developing countries, partly because of limited public health infrastructure and limited access to health care.

A 3-year retrospective study from France of 21 cases of disseminated gonococcal infection, which included 14 cases of arthritis, found that the number of cases increased from to 2009 to 2011. Men were at higher risk than women. [7] In a study of indigenous people in central Australia, the incidence of gonococcal arthritis was 911 of 100,000 gonococcal notifications. Cases were significantly more likely to occur in young (≤29 years) indigenous women than young indigenous men; risk was almost twice as high in women than in men. [8]


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