What is the prevalence of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS)?

Updated: Nov 24, 2020
  • Author: Suneel Movva, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

United States

The actual frequency of APS in the general population is unknown. One to 5% of healthy individuals have aPL antibodies. It is estimated that the incidence of APS is approximately 5 cases per 100,000 persons per year, and the prevalence is approximately 40-50 cases per 100, 000 persons. [7] aCL antibodies tend to be found more frequently in elderly persons; thus, positive titer results should be interpreted with caution in this population. aPL antibodies are found in approximately 30-40% of patients with SLE, but only about 10% have APS. [8] Approximately half of APS cases are not associated with another rheumatic disease. In a study of 100 patients with confirmed venous thrombosis and no history of SLE, aCL antibodies were found in 24% and LA in 4%.

 aPL are positive in approximately 13% of patients with stroke, 11% with myocardial infarction, 9.5% of patients with deep vein thrombosis, and 6% of patients with pregnancy morbidity. [9]

International

International frequency is probably similar to US frequency.


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