How is disease activity and treatment response evaluated in ankylosing spondylitis (AS)?

Updated: Feb 02, 2021
  • Author: Lawrence H Brent, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Laboratory values, including the ESR and the C-reactive protein (CRP) level, are commonly employed to monitor the progression of the disease and the effectiveness of treatment. Guidelines from the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommend that conventional radiography of the sacroiliac (SI) joints, spine, or both may be used for long-term monitoring of structural damage, particularly new bone formation. If performed, it should not be repeated more frequently than every second year. [91]

MRI may provide additional information. MRI of the SI joints and/or the spine may be used to assess and monitor disease activity in axial spondyloarthropathy. In general, short tau inversion recovery (STIR) sequences are sufficient to detect inflammation, and the use of contrast medium is not needed. [91]

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