What are the extra-articular manifestations of ankylosing spondylitis (AS)?

Updated: Jul 17, 2018
  • Author: Lawrence H Brent, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

Screen for extra-articular manifestations of AS by performing specific examinations (eg, ophthalmologic, cardiac, gastrointestinal [GI]). Such manifestations may include the following:

  • Uveitis
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Pulmonary disease
  • Renal disease
  • Neurologic disease
  • GI disease

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