Which risk factors for relapse are associated with long-term steroid therapy for giant cell arteritis (GCA) (temporal arteritis)?

Updated: Sep 03, 2020
  • Author: Mythili Seetharaman, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

In a study that included 35 patients with both polymyalgia rheumatic and temporal arteritis, Narváez and colleagues found that no clinical feature was associated with increased risk of relapse. However, they reported that multivariate analysis identified the following as significant risk factors associated with long duration of steroid therapy [42] :

  • Older age at diagnosis
  • Female sex
  • Higher baseline erythrocyte sedimentation rate
  • Lower daily corticosteroid dose

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