What are the less common physical findings of Takayasu arteritis?

Updated: Nov 14, 2018
  • Author: Jefferson R Roberts, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

Less common associations have been seen with the following:

  • Ulcerative colitis

  • Sensorineural hearing loss

  • Pulmonary hemorrhage

A case report described sensorineural hearing loss associated with Takayasu arteritis. [27] Whether a firm connection between the 2 syndromes exists, other than the inflammatory manifestations, has not been demonstrated. The pathologic etiology of the hearing loss was attributed to an immune-mediated process in the membranous labyrinth.

Another case report described the presence of Cogan syndrome with Takayasu arteritis. [28] Cogan syndrome involves interstitial keratitis and a vestibuloauditory syndrome. Variations of this with other types of inflammatory eye disease and vestibuloauditory arteritis have also been reported.


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