What is the historical background of Takayasu arteritis?

Updated: Nov 14, 2018
  • Author: Jefferson R Roberts, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

Takayasu arteritis is named in honor of Japanese ophthalmologist Mikito Takayasu, who first reported a case of the disease in 1905. His patient was a 21-year-old woman with retinal vessel changes and decreased pulses in branches of the aortic arch. Such ophthalmologic findings are rarely encountered and are not included in the American College of Rheumatology criteria for the disorder. [4]

Shimizu and Sano reported six cases of Takayasu arteritis in an English-language publication in 1951, terming the disorder "pulseless disease because of an absence of radial pulse in their patients. This led to a misunderstanding ot Takayasu arteritis as a disorder of only locally limited involvement. [4]


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