What are the cardiac symptoms of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)?

Updated: Aug 04, 2021
  • Author: Christie M Bartels, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

Heart failure or chest pain must be carefully assessed in patients with SLE. Pericarditis is the most common cardiac feature of SLE, manifesting as positional chest pain that is often relieved when the patient leans forward. Myocarditis may occur in SLE with heart failure symptoms. Pulmonary hypertension may present with indolent chest pain or dyspnea.

Coronary vasculitis manifesting as angina or infarction is rarely reported. Libman-Sacks endocarditis is noninfectious but may manifest as symptoms similar to those of infective endocarditis in patients with SLE or antiphospholipid syndrome. More commonly, accelerated ischemic coronary artery disease (CAD) is associated with SLE and may present indolently as atypical anginal equivalents.


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