Which ENT findings are characteristic of scleroderma?

Updated: Nov 13, 2018
  • Author: Sergio A Jimenez, MD, MACR, FACP, FRCP(UK Hon); Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

Salivary production may be decreased and spontaneous sublingual pooling of saliva may be absent.

Xerostomia and xerophthalmia may be part of the examination findings. A confirmatory minor salivary gland biopsy may show fibrosis without the pronounced lymphocytic aggregates that would be expected with primary Sjögren syndrome. Furthermore, patients with systemic sclerosis typically do not harbor anti-Ro and anti-La antibodies.


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