What are the possible adverse effects of antimalarial agents used for rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?

Updated: Feb 07, 2020
  • Author: Howard R Smith, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

Antimalarial agents may cause ocular toxicity. In addition to an assessment of renal and liver function, it is recommended that baseline ophthalmologic screening for patients using these agents should include an evaluation for visual impairment and a recording of near visual acuity. [121] In 2011, the American Academy of Ophthalmology issued Revised Recommendations on Screening for Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy.


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