Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
NSAIDs are very effective for the treatment of acute pseudogout and may be used for prophylaxis to prevent recurrent attacks of pseudogout. These agents may also be useful for symptomatic treatment of chronic arthropathies associated with CPPD. NSAID use is limited by toxicity (eg, renal, gastrointestinal), which is common in elderly patients. COX-2 ̶ selective NSAIDs may be as effective as traditional NSAIDs but with less gastrointestinal toxicity (although this has not been rigorously tested).
Indomethacin is a traditional NSAID used to treat acute gouty arthritis and is used in a similar fashion for acute pseudogout. It blocks COX and, as a result, the generation of proinflammatory prostaglandins. Use the maximum dose initially, tapering it over 2 weeks depending on clinical response.
Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Addaprin, Caldolor)
Ibuprofen is the drug of choice for patients with mild to moderate pain. It inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain by decreasing prostaglandin synthesis.
Naproxen sodium (Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosyn, Anaprox)
This agent is used for the relief of mild to moderate pain. It inhibits inflammatory reactions and pain by decreasing the activity of cyclo-oxygenase, which results in a decrease in prostaglandin synthesis.
Diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam XR, Zipsor, Cambia)
Diclofenac inhibits prostaglandin synthesis by decreasing COX activity, which, in turn, decreases formation of prostaglandin precursors.
Ketoprofen is used for relief of mild to moderate pain and inflammation. Small dosages are indicated initially in small patients, elderly patients, and patients with renal or liver disease. Doses higher than 75 mg do not increase the therapeutic effects. Administer high doses with caution, and closely observe the patient's response.