Which dietary measures are important for the prevention of osteoporosis?

Updated: Jan 20, 2021
  • Author: Rachel Elizabeth Whitaker Elam, MD, MSc; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

Adequate calcium and vitamin D intake are important in persons of any age, particularly in childhood as the bones are maturing, and are essential in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. Vitamin D is increasingly being recognized as a key element in overall bone health, calcium absorption, balance (eg, reduction in risk of falls), [214] and muscle performance. Patients who ingest inadequate amounts of vitamin D and calcium should receive oral supplementation.


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