Which physical findings should raise concern in patients with suspected osteoporosis?

Updated: Sep 26, 2019
  • Author: Monique Bethel, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

Areas of concern include the following:

  • A history of loss of height

  • Low body weight (body mass index < 19 kg/m2)

  • Signs that might indicate existing osteoporosis (eg, kyphosis or dowager hump; point tenderness over a vertebra or other suspected fracture site)

  • Signs suggestive of secondary osteoporosis

  • Signs in older patients that may indicate increased fall risk (eg, difficulty with balance or gait, orthostatic hypotension, lower-extremity weakness, poor vision or hearing, cognitive impairment)


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