What are possible postoperative complications of arthroplasty for osteoarthritis (OA)?

Updated: Jun 10, 2020
  • Author: Carlos J Lozada, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

Infection is a particular postoperative concern in cases of total joint replacement. This complication is now rare, however, especially with the use of perioperative antibiotics.

Prevention of thrombophlebitis and resultant pulmonary embolism is important in patients who undergo lower-extremity arthroplasty procedures for osteoarthritis. The surgeon must use all means available to prevent these complications. Early motion and ambulation, when possible, are of particular importance. The use of low-molecular-weight heparin or warfarin is also indicated.


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