What is the indication for osteotomy in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA)?

Updated: Oct 12, 2020
  • Author: Carlos J Lozada, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Osteotomy is used in active patients younger than 60 years who have a malaligned hip or knee joint and want to continue with reasonable physical activity. [142] The principle underlying this procedure is to shift weight from the damaged cartilage on the medial aspect of the knee to the healthy lateral aspect of the knee. Osteotomy is most beneficial for significant genu varum, or bowleg deformity. (The effectiveness of osteotomy for genu valgum is not highly predictable.)

Osteotomy often can help individuals avoid requiring a total knee replacement until they are older. It can lessen pain, but it can also lead to more challenging surgery if the patient later requires arthroplasty.

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