What is the importance of synovial fluid in osteoarthritis (OA)?

Updated: Jun 10, 2020
  • Author: Carlos J Lozada, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

Synovial fluid is formed through a serum ultrafiltration process by cells that form the synovial membrane (synoviocytes). Synovial cells also manufacture hyaluronic acid (HA, also known as hyaluronate), a glycosaminoglycan that is the major noncellular component of synovial fluid. Synovial fluid supplies nutrients to the avascular articular cartilage; it also provides the viscosity needed to absorb shock from slow movements, as well as the elasticity required to absorb shock from rapid movements.


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