What is the mortality and morbidity associated with lupus nephritis?

Updated: Sep 22, 2020
  • Author: Lawrence H Brent, MD; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease due to lupus nephritis has declined significantly in recent decades. The mortality rate per 100 patient-years declined from 11.1 in 1995-1999 to 6.7 in 2010-2014. Deaths due to cardiovascular disease declined by 44% and deaths due to infection declined 63%. [26]  

Morbidity associated with lupus nephritis is related to the renal disease itself, as well as to treatment-related complications and comorbidities, including cardiovascular disease and thrombotic events. Progressive renal failure leads to anemia, uremia, and electrolyte and acid-based abnormalities. Hypertension may lead to an increased risk of coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular accident.


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