What foods high in purines should be avoided by patients with gout?

Updated: Jan 26, 2021
  • Author: Bruce M Rothschild, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Because uric acid is a breakdown product of purine, high-purine foods should be either avoided or consumed only in moderation. Foods very high in purines include the following:

  • Organ meats such as sweetbreads (eg, pancreas and thymus)
  • Smelt
  • Sardines
  • Mussels

Foods moderately high in purines include the following:

  • Anchovies
  • Trout
  • Haddock
  • Scallops
  • Mutton
  • Veal
  • Liver
  • Bacon
  • Salmon
  • Kidneys
  • Turkey

Purines are found in all protein foods. All sources of purines cannot and should not be eliminated.

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