What is the global prevalence of gout?

Updated: Jan 26, 2021
  • Author: Bruce M Rothschild, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

Gout has a worldwide distribution, with a prevalence of 1-4% and an incidence of 0.1-0.3%. The prevalence varies widely from country to country. Regional differences may reflect environmental, dietary, and genetic influences. [49]

In China, rates of gout have increased progressively since 1990. From 1990 to 2017, the prevalence increased 6.88% and the incidence increased 6.92%. [50]

In the United Kingdom from 2000 to 2007, the incidence of gout was 2.68 per 1000 person-years—4.42 in men and 1.32 in women, and increasing with advancing age. [51] In Italy, the prevalence of gout rose from 6.7 per 1000 population in 2005 to 9.1 per 1000 population in 2009, increasing with age and 4 times higher in men. [52] In the Maori people of New Zealand, studies from the 1970s found that 0.3% of men and 4.3% of women were affected. [53, 54]


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