What is the prevalence of gout in the US?

Updated: Jan 26, 2021
  • Author: Bruce M Rothschild, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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 In the United States in 2015–16, the overall prevalence of gout in adults was 3.9%, corresponding to a total affected population of 9.2 million. [45] Prevalence is approximately 20% in patients with a family history of gout. It is estimated that more than 2 million people in the United States take medication to decrease serum uric acid levels.

Earlier studies reported that gout was becoming increasingly common in the United States as the population grew older and heavier. [46] From 1990 to 1999, the incidence rose 40%. [47] Estimates for the number of US adults with self-reported gout in the previous year rose from 2.1 million in 1995 to 3 million in 2008. [9] In 2008, gout accounted for 174,823 emergency department (ED) visits in the US, or approximately 0.2% of all ED visits. [48]  However, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data showed no statistically significant difference between rates of gout and hyperuricemia in 2007-08 and rates in 2015-16. [45]

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