What is the prevalence of gout in the US?

Updated: Feb 03, 2020
  • Author: Bruce M Rothschild, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Gout affects 8.3 million people in the United States; prevalence among adults is estimated to be 3.9%, on the basis of data from the 2007-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). [45] Prevalence is approximately 20% in patients with a family history of gout. It is estimated that more than 2 million people in the United States take medication to decrease serum uric acid levels.

Gout has become increasingly common in the United States as the population has grown older and heavier. [46] From 1990 to 1999, the incidence rose 40%. [47] Estimates for the number of US adults with self-reported gout in the previous year rose from 2.1 million in 1995 to 3 million in 2008. [11] In 2008, gout accounted for 174,823 emergency department (ED) visits in the US, or approximately 0.2% of all ED visits. [48]

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