What is involved in the treatment of children with fibromyalgia?

Updated: Nov 14, 2018
  • Author: Chad S Boomershine, MD, PhD, CPI, CPT; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

Fibromyalgia in children responds to a combination of psychotherapy, exercise, relaxation techniques, and education. Pharmacotherapy is generally not indicated or recommended. Stephens et al conducted a 12-week randomized controlled trial of exercise intervention in children with fibromyalgia and found that both aerobics and qigong yielded benefits in terms of fibromyalgia symptoms, pain, and quality of life in this population. Aerobics were found to be advantageous in several measures. [115]

Juvenile-onset fibromyalgia in adolescents is unlikely to resolve spontaneously. A prospective longitudinal study found that more than 80% of adolescents with juvenile-onset fibromyalgia continued to have symptoms into adulthood. At a mean age of 21 years, approximately half met American College of Rheumatology criteria for adult fibromyalgia. [116, 117]

For more information, see Juvenile Primary Fibromyalgia Syndrome.


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