What are the EULAR guidelines for the initial management of fibromyalgia?

Updated: Nov 14, 2018
  • Author: Chad S Boomershine, MD, PhD, CPI, CPT; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) 2016 guidelines recommend that initial management of fibromyalgia involve patient education and focus on nonpharmacological therapies. Patients whose condition fails to respond should receive treatment tailored to their specific needs, such as psychological therapies for mood disorders and unhelpful coping strategies, pharmacotherapy for severe pain or sleep disturbance, and/or a multimodal rehabilitation program for severe disability. EULAR noted that most treatments have only a relatively modest effect. [102]

At the initial visit, give patients educational materials about fibromyalgia, including a list of resources, such as Web sites, books, videotapes, newsletters, and brochures, related to the disease. Some authors recommend encouraging patients to attend their local fibromyalgia support group. Provide education and support to the patient's significant family members.


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