What are the biological elements in the pathophysiology of pain in fibromyalgia?

Updated: Nov 14, 2018
  • Author: Chad S Boomershine, MD, PhD, CPI, CPT; Chief Editor: Herbert S Diamond, MD  more...
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Answer

The important biologic elements here include proinflammatory cytokines, the HPA axis, other neuroendocrine axes, and the autonomic nervous system. Growth hormone abnormalities are also thought to contribute to symptoms in fibromyalgia. [25]


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