How is heterotopic ossification prevented in traumatic brain injury (TBI)?

Updated: Feb 01, 2018
  • Author: Percival H Pangilinan, Jr, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen Kishner, MD, MHA  more...
  • Print
Answer

Answer

The mainstay of preventing heterotopic ossification in patients with TBI is ROM exercise. The use of forceful ROM is somewhat controversial because it is thought to be a cause of heterotopic ossification, but data from human studies have not demonstrated this mechanism.

The prophylactic role of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), low-dose radiation, or bisphosphonates remains unclear. NSAIDs and etidronate can help with pain management. The risks and benefits of these drugs in managing established heterotopic ossification should be assessed.


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!