What is the prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the US?

Updated: Feb 01, 2018
  • Author: Percival H Pangilinan, Jr, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen Kishner, MD, MHA  more...
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Answer

Answer

Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as acquired brain injury, head injury, or brain injury, causes substantial disability and mortality. It occurs when a sudden trauma damages the brain and disrupts normal brain function. TBI may have profound physical, psychological, cognitive, emotional, and social effects. Mild TBI appears to be vastly underdiagnosed in the setting of systemic trauma, even in trauma centers. [14]

According to the CDC, there were approximately 2.8 million TBI-related emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and deaths in the United States in 2013. The following CDC statistics also apply in the United States [1, 15] :

  • TBI was associated with approximately 56,000 deaths in 2013

  • In 2012, emergency departments treated an estimated 329,290 children, aged 19 years or younger, for sports and recreation–related injuries in which concussion or TBI was diagnosed


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