How are outcomes measured after a traumatic brain injury (TBI)?

Updated: Feb 01, 2018
  • Author: Percival H Pangilinan, Jr, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen Kishner, MD, MHA  more...
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The following tools are commonly used to measure outcome after TBI [12, 13] :

  • Functional Independence Measure (FIM): An 18-item scale used to assess the patient's level of independence in mobility, self-care, and cognition

  • Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS)

  • Disability Rating Scale (DRS): Measures general functional changes over the course of recovery after TBI (see the image below)

    Disability Rating Scale (DRS). Disability Rating Scale (DRS).

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