Which smooth muscle hyperactive disorders are treated with botulinum toxin (BoNT) injections?

Updated: Jul 13, 2018
  • Author: Divakara Kedlaya, MBBS; Chief Editor: Elizabeth A Moberg-Wolff, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Smooth muscle hyperactive disorders

  • Neurogenic bladder – Detrusor hyperreflexia [54, 55, 56, 57]

  • Detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia [58, 59, 60, 61]

  • Benign prostatic hypertrophy [62, 63, 64]

  • Achalasia cardia [65, 66]

  • Sphincter of Oddi dysfunctions [68, 69]

  • Hemorrhoids [70, 71]

  • Chronic anal fissures [72, 73]

  • Raynaud's Phenomenon [74]


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