Which smooth muscle hyperactive disorders are treated with botulinum toxin (BoNT) injections?

Updated: Oct 10, 2019
  • Author: Divakara Kedlaya, MBBS; Chief Editor: Elizabeth A Moberg-Wolff, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Smooth muscle hyperactive disorders

  • Neurogenic bladder – Detrusor hyperreflexia [55, 56, 57, 58]

  • Detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia [59, 60, 61, 62]

  • Benign prostatic hypertrophy [63, 64, 65]

  • Achalasia cardia [66, 67]

  • Sphincter of Oddi dysfunctions [69, 70]

  • Hemorrhoids [71, 72]

  • Chronic anal fissures [73, 74]

  • Raynaud's Phenomenon [75]


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