Which nondystonic disorders of involuntary muscle activity are treated with botulinum toxin (BoNT) injections?

Updated: Oct 10, 2019
  • Author: Divakara Kedlaya, MBBS; Chief Editor: Elizabeth A Moberg-Wolff, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Nondystonic disorders of involuntary muscle activity

  • Hemifacial spasm [27]

  • Tics [29]

  • Myokymia and synkinesis

  • Tinnitus (due to myoclonus of stapedius muscle [30] & tensor veli palatini muscle [31] )

  • Hereditary muscle cramps

  • Nocturnal bruxism [32]

  • Trismus [33]

  • Anismus [34]

Strabismus (disorder of conjugate eye movement) [35, 36] and nystagmus


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