Which nondystonic disorders of involuntary muscle activity are treated with botulinum toxin (BoNT) injections?

Updated: Jul 13, 2018
  • Author: Divakara Kedlaya, MBBS; Chief Editor: Elizabeth A Moberg-Wolff, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Nondystonic disorders of involuntary muscle activity

  • Hemifacial spasm [26]

  • Tics [28]

  • Myokymia and synkinesis

  • Tinnitus (due to myoclonus of stapedius muscle [29] & tensor veli palatini muscle [30] )

  • Hereditary muscle cramps

  • Nocturnal bruxism [31]

  • Trismus [32]

  • Anismus [33]

Strabismus (disorder of conjugate eye movement) [34, 35] and nystagmus


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