Which focal dystonias are treated with botulinum toxin injection?

Updated: Jul 13, 2018
  • Author: Divakara Kedlaya, MBBS; Chief Editor: Elizabeth A Moberg-Wolff, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Focal dystonias - Involuntary, sustained, or spasmodic patterned muscle activity

  • Cervical dystonia (spasmodic torticollis) [14, 15, 16, 17, 18]

  • Blepharospasm (eyelid closure) [19]

  • Laryngeal dystonia (spasmodic dysphonia) [20]

  • Limb dystonia (writer's cramp)

  • Oromandibular dystonia [19]

  • Orolingual dystonia

  • Truncal dystonia


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