What are the demographics of bladder dysfunction?

Updated: Jan 04, 2019
  • Author: Gregory T Carter, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Elizabeth A Moberg-Wolff, MD  more...
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Answer

The age at which bladder disorders occur is related to the age at the onset of the neurologic disorder. The male-to-female ratio varies greatly between disease entities causing neurogenic bladder dysfunction. In 1 study, the reported incidence of urinary incontinence, regardless of etiology, was 8.5% of females aged 15-64 years; in the same age group, only 1.6% of the male population reported being affected by urinary incontinence. [8] No racial predilection is reported.

A retrospective cohort study by Mckellar et al reported that within a racially diverse population of women aged 18 years or older, the prevalence of overactive bladder (excluding in women with neurogenic bladder or pelvic cancer) was 4.41%, with the highest prevalence found in Hispanic women. [10]

A study by Kinlaw et al found that between 2000 and 2013, antimuscarinic prescriptions were filled for about 1 in 500 children in the United States, most frequently for oxybutynin (78%) and tolterodine (17%), both of which are used for overactive bladders. [11]


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