What is the epidemiology of bladder dysfunction?

Updated: Jan 04, 2019
  • Author: Gregory T Carter, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Elizabeth A Moberg-Wolff, MD  more...
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Answer

The incidence of neurogenic bladder dysfunction depends on the primary cause. The etiology and the level of CNS or peripheral nervous system injury correlate with different causes and classifications of bladder dysfunction. For instance, bladder disorders are reported in 40-90% of patients with MS. Estimates of the incidence of urologic symptoms in patients who have sustained a CVA vary, ranging from 33% to 60% in the acute setting; symptoms persist in 15% at 6 months to 1 year. [8]

The reported rate of urologic dysfunction in patients with Parkinson disease ranges from 37% to 72%. The rate of urinary incontinence is higher in patients with dementia and other types of cognitive impairment (eg, TBI, CVA, and Parkinson disease) than in the general population. Bladder disorders are nearly universal in children with myelomeningocele and in patients with SCI. [9, 8]


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