How does physical therapy progress in the early acute phase of Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS)?

Updated: May 04, 2018
  • Author: Michael T Andary, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Milton J Klein, DO, MBA  more...
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Answer

Early in the acute phase of GBS, patients may not be able to fully participate in an active therapy program. At that stage, patients benefit from daily ROM exercises and proper positioning to prevent muscle shortening and joint contractures. Addressing upright tolerance and endurance also may be a significant issue during the early part of rehabilitation.

Active muscle strengthening can then be slowly introduced and may include isometric, isotonic, isokinetic, or progressive resistive exercises. Mobility skills, such as bed mobility, transfers, and ambulation, are targeted functions. Patients should be monitored for hemodynamic instability and cardiac arrhythmias, especially upon initiation of the rehabilitation program. The intensity of the exercise program also should be monitored, because overworking the muscles may, paradoxically, lead to increased weakness.


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