Which reproductive disorders are associated with chronic pain syndrome (CPS)?

Updated: Jan 14, 2020
  • Author: Manish K Singh, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen Kishner, MD, MHA  more...
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Answer

Extrauterine reproductive disorders associated with chronic pain include the following:

  • Endometriosis (see the image below)

    Active endometriosis with red and powder-burn lesi Active endometriosis with red and powder-burn lesions; adhesions from old scarring are present.
  • Adhesions

  • Adnexal cysts

  • Chronic ectopic pregnancy

  • Chlamydial endometritis or salpingitis

  • Endosalpingiosis

  • Ovarian retention syndrome (residual ovary syndrome)

  • Ovarian remnant syndrome

  • Ovarian dystrophy or ovulatory pain

  • Pelvic congestion syndrome

  • Postoperative peritoneal cysts

  • Residual accessory ovary

  • Subacute salpingo-oophoritis

  • Tuberculous salpingitis

Reproductive disorders (uterine)

Uterine reproductive disorders associated with chronic pain include the following:

  • Adenomyosis

  • Chronic endometritis

  • Atypical dysmenorrhea or ovulatory pain

  • Cervical stenosis

  • Endometrial or cervical polyps

  • Leiomyomata

  • Symptomatic pelvic relaxation (genital prolapse)

An intrauterine contraceptive device can also be associated with chronic pain.


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