Which neurological disorders are associated with chronic pain syndrome (CPS)?

Updated: Jan 14, 2020
  • Author: Manish K Singh, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen Kishner, MD, MHA  more...
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Answer

Neurologic disorders associated with chronic pain include the following:

  • Brachial plexus traction injury

  • Cervical radiculopathy

  • Thoracic outlet syndrome

  • Spinal stenosis (see the image below)

    Oblique view of the cervical spine demonstrates 2 Oblique view of the cervical spine demonstrates 2 levels of foraminal stenosis (white arrows) resulting from facet hypertrophy (yellow arrow) and uncovertebral joint hypertrophy.
  • Arachnoiditis

  • Metabolic deficiency myalgias

  • Polymyositis

  • Neoplasia of spinal cord or sacral nerve

  • Cutaneous nerve entrapment in surgical scar

  • Postherpetic neuralgia (shingles) [15, 16]

  • Neuralgia (eg, iliohypogastric, ilioinguinal, or genitofemoral nerves)

  • Polyneuropathies

  • Polyradiculoneuropathies

  • Mononeuritis multiplex

  • Chronic daily headaches

  • Muscle tension headaches

  • Migraine headaches

  • Temporomandibular joint dysfunction

  • Temporalis tendonitis

  • Sinusitis

  • Atypical facial pain

  • Trigeminal neuralgia

  • Glossopharyngeal neuralgia

  • Nervus intermedius neuralgia

  • Sphenopalatine neuralgia

  • Referred dental or temporomandibular joint pain

  • Abdominal epilepsy

  • Abdominal migraine

  • Stroke (central poststroke pain) [17]


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