What is involved in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic pain syndrome (CPS)?

Updated: Jan 14, 2020
  • Author: Manish K Singh, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen Kishner, MD, MHA  more...
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The decision to perform any laboratory or imaging evaluations is based on the need to confirm the diagnosis and to rule out other potentially life-threatening illnesses. Sometimes certain investigations are needed to provide appropriate and safe medical or surgical treatment. The recommended treatment should be based on clinical findings or changes in examination findings.

Imaging studies, including with radiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and computed tomography (CT) scanning, are important tools in the workup of patients with CPS.

Management of chronic pain in patients with multiple problems is complex, usually requiring specific treatment, simultaneous psychological treatment, and physical therapy (PT). [6, 7] PT techniques include hot or cold applications, positioning, stretching exercises, traction, massage, ultrasonographic therapy, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), and manipulations.

Other treatments include nerve blocks, spinal cord stimulation, and intrathecal morphine pumps.

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