What is included in patient education about mechanical low back pain?

Updated: Mar 30, 2020
  • Author: Everett C Hills, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Stephen Kishner, MD, MHA  more...
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See the list below:

  • Patient education should begin with reassurance and a management plan, even though a precise pathoanatomic diagnosis may not be possible.

  • The importance of educating patients to understand that uncomplicated mechanical low back pain (LBP) has a natural course of recovery cannot be overemphasized.

  • One consistent finding from a review of the literature is that people who are depressed, have poor job satisfaction, and can receive compensation as long as their backs hurt have an increased prevalence of mechanical LBP that develops into chronic disability.

  • Deal with external factors that influence recovery, including anxiety, and increase the patient's understanding of the expectations of key players (eg, family, physician, employer) compared with his or her own goals.

  • Posture, reconditioning, proper nutrition, and stress management also should be addressed.

  • For patient education resources, see the patient education articles Low Back Pain, Sprains and Strains, and Pain Medications.

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