Which simulation tests are performed in the evaluation of mechanical low back pain?

Updated: Mar 30, 2020
  • Author: Everett C Hills, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Stephen Kishner, MD, MHA  more...
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Simulation tests give the patient the impression that a particular examination is being conducted, including the following:

  • Axial loading - Vertical loading over the patient's head while he or she is standing, producing LBP

  • Rotation - Back pain when the shoulders and pelvis are rotated passively in the same plane with the feet together

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