What are the possible complications of lumbar spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis?

Updated: Jul 08, 2020
  • Author: Beth B Froese, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen Kishner, MD, MHA  more...
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See the list below:

  • The most common complication of spondylolisthesis of any type is nerve root impingement/radiculopathy at the level of spondylolisthesis. Spinal stenosis and cauda equina syndrome may occur when a significant slip has occurred.

  • Disk degeneration occurs at the level of the spondylolisthesis faster than at other levels of the spine, increasing the risk of diskogenic low back pain.

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